Human Trafficking Facts & Figures

Human trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision or obtaining a person for labor or services through the use of force, coercion, or fraud for the purpose of involuntary servitude, debt bondage or slavery.  It also includes illegal adoptions of children and the trafficking of human organs.

Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000


Trafficking is not “alien smuggling” or “illegal immigration.” Smuggling is a crime against the state.  Trafficking is a crime against the person.

There is a direct connection between human trafficking and immigration. Undocumented immigrants are much more susceptible to trafficking.

Traffickers often lure their victims away from their families with the promise of a good job in another country. Escape is virtually impossible as they are made to fear retaliation against their families if they attempt to flee.

Women, children, and also vulnerable men, work in factories, mines, fields, restaurants, hotels, homes, and in every facet of the sex industry.

Few victims and survivors come forward for fear of retaliation, shame, or lack of understanding of what is happening to them. There is also a lack of education regarding how to access survival resources, employment, and needed services.


Trafficking is the 3rd largest criminal industry in the world, after arms and drug dealing, and is the fastest growing.


The U.S. government estimates that 12 million women, men, and children are enslaved around the world and 600,000-800,000 are trafficked each year.


According to the United Nations, approximately 4 billion people live outside the protection of the law. This means that their public justice systems — their police, courts and laws — are so broken, corrupt and dysfunctional, that there is nothing to shield these people from violence and abuse.

International Justice Mission


According to UNICEF, 2 million children are estimated to be trafficking victims of sex trade each year.


This kind of slavery exists in every country, including the U.S. The State Department estimates approximately 14,500 – 17,500 foreign nationals are trafficked into the US each year.


One of the most difficult realities in the trafficking issue is the propensity of governments worldwide to treat trafficked persons as criminals or as unwanted, undocumented workers rather than as people with human rights who are being violated.

US State Department


The National Runaway Switchboard estimates that every year thousands of American children are lured into the trafficking industry.


90% of trafficked people are female and 36% are minors.

National Human Trafficking Resource Center


The average age of a girl being forced into the US domestic sex slavery market is 13.

Human Trafficking Awareness


The reality of trafficking and slavery remains mostly invisible and in the United States, trafficking for labor or the sex trade often occurs in local communities.


The top 5 sex trafficking states in the U.S. are: California (19%), Texas (8%), Florida (7%), Ohio (5%) and New York (4%)

The  National Human Trafficking Resource Center


The Federal Bureau of Investigation reports that, in the U.S. alone, trafficking and slavery generate $9.5 billion a year.


It has never been cheaper to own a slave than it is today. The average cost of a slave around the world is $90.


The National Human Trafficking Resources Hotline phone number is:

888-373-7888.