Racism Facts & Figures

Science

All human beings belong to the same species, Homo sapiens. The diversity between humans is about 0.1% (one difference per one thousand nucleotides between two humans chosen at random).


Genetic evidence indicates that all humans are descendants from a migration of people from Africa 50,000-80,000 years ago.

National Science Foundation


History

Most scholars agree that “race” was a recent invention and that it was essentially a folk idea, not a product of scientific research. They hold that the real meaning of “race” in American society has to do with social realities, quite distinct from physical variations in the human species.

American Association of Physical Anthropologists


In America an extreme conception of human differences attempted to legitimize the folk ideas. Some people tried to “prove” scientifically that “the Negro” was a different and lower kind of human being. The first published materials arguing from a scientific perspective that “negroes” were a separate species from white men appeared in the last decade of the eighteenth century. They argued that Negroes were either a product of degeneration from that first creation, or descendants of a separate creation altogether.

PBS


Hate

There are 954 active “hate groups” in the US – a 60% increase since 2000 — and are found in all 50 states. These include: the Ku Klux Klan, Black Separatists, Racist Skinheads, White Nationals, Neo-Nazis, Neo-Confederates, Christian Identity and Anti-LGBT (Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgendered).

Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC)


Neo-Nazi groups are up 22% and anti-Muslim groups rose for a 3rd straight year — after tripling in 2016.

Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC)


In 2008, there were 149 anti-government extremist groups. When Barack Obama was elected, the total jumped to 512. Currently there are 998.

Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC)


There are typically around 6,000 hate crimes every year – with about 60% of them racially motivated or related to ethnicity/national origin bias.

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)


Education

The graduation rate for Asian public school students is 90%, for Whites it’s 88%, for Hispanics it’s 78% and for Blacks it’s 75%.

National Geographic


63% of Asians ages 18-24 are enrolled in college, 42% of Whites, 37% of Asians and 35% of Blacks.

National Geographic


Employment

The employment rate for black males has been decreasing. In 1970 the employment rate for 16 year old black males, was 72%. In 1990, it was 62% and in 2010, it was 54%.


The median hourly wage for Asian workers with a higher education is $31, for Whites it is $28, for Hispanics it’s $24 and for Blacks, it’s $24.

National Geographic


The unemployment rate for Asians is 4%, for Whites, it’s 4%, for Hispanics it’s 6% and for Blacks it’s 8%.

National Geographic


Health

There are 4% infant deaths per birth for Asians, 5% for Whites, 5% for Hispanics and 11% for Blacks.

National Geographic


6% of Whites live without insurance, 8% of Asians, 11% of Blacks and 16% of Hispanics.
National Geographic

7% of adult Whites have been diagnosed with diabetes, 8% of Asians, 12% of Hispanics and 13% of Blacks.
National Geographic

Life expectancy for Asians is 87 years, 82 for Hispanics, 79 for Whites and 75 for Blacks.
National Geographic

Poverty

Over 17 million non-white Americans live below the poverty line. There are approximately 11 million Hispanics in poverty, 9 million African Americans, and 1.5 million Asian Americans in poverty. However, as a percentage of the population, almost 25% African Americans lives in poverty — the highest percentage of any group.


12% of Asian children live in poverty, 12% of White children live in poverty, 32% of Hispanic children live in poverty and 38% of Black children live in poverty.

National Geographic


Housing

The home ownership rate for Whites is 72%, for Asians it’s 55%, for Hispanics it’s 46% and for Blacks it’s 42%.

National Geographic


Criminal Justice System

1 in every 10 black men in his thirties in prison or jail on any given day.

The Sentencing Project


American Indian youth are 3 times as likely as white youth to be held in a juvenile detention facility.

The Sentencing Project


In the U.S., black people make up 13% of the total population but represent 40% of those incarcerated. White people make up 64% of the total populations but represent 39% of those incarcerated.


Executions

Since 1973, of those people who have been executed in the U.S., 65% were of a minority group. When the defendant was white and the victim black, 15 people were executed, but when the defendant was black and the victim white, 243 people were executed.


Police Bias

In Chicago, African-Americans are 9.4 times more likely to shot by a police officer than whites.

Community Renewal Society


Voting

28.5% of black males will likely serve time in a state or federal prison for a felony conviction, a rate 7 times that for white males.

ABC News


Nationally 7% of blacks have lost the right to vote because of state laws that strip felons of the right to vote — this compares to 2% of the rest of the country. In Virginia, 20% of blacks can’t vote. In Florida, it’s 23%.

Huffington Post


13% of adult black men (1.4 million) — more than 1in 8 – account for 35% of all Americans who are barred from voting.

ABC News


9 states impose a lifetime ban on voting by felons. They are: Alabama, Florida, Iowa, Kentucky, Mississippi, Nevada, New Mexico, Virginia and Wyoming.

The Sentencing Project. & The Times-Picayune of New Orleans


Racism costs the US almost $2 trillion each year. This comes in the form of bias against workers, wage discrimination, hiring discrimination, discrimination based on price, services discrimination, discrete usage discrimination and capital investment discrimination.

W.K. Kellogg Foundation